Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis Victoria BC

Plantar Fasciitis is one of the most common heel problems seen by Pedorthists each year. The problem is caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia, which is a broad, fibrous band of tissue that spans the bottom of the foot and connects the heel bone to each toe. While plantar fasciitis pain most often occurs in the heel it can be felt in the arch and forefoot. It is generally a result of poor lower limb mechanics (how the foot moves), trauma, weight gain or changes in activity. One signs that points towards plantar fasciitis is heel pain when you get out of bed in the morning or after sitting for an extended period of time. When you are off your feet for a few hours the fascia has an opportunity to repair itself and during those first few weight bearing steps the fascia is actually re-tearing which causes the pain.

There are several treatment options for plantar fasciitis which include:

  • Reducing intense activities – By continuing intense activities, such as running, you can increase the stress to the injured plantar fascia which can delay recovery.
  • Stretching – It is important to stretch the calf muscle and plantar tissues on a daily basis (especially after rest periods) to help reduce the strain on the plantar fascia by surrounding tissues. Please scroll down for a more detailed look at the stretching exercises we recommend.
  • Plantar Fasciitis Night Splints – Night splints are worn while sleeping and keep the plantar fascia stretched while sleeping to prevent it from tightening.
  • Over-the-counter foot orthotics – Many over-the-counter foot orthotics or high quality arch supports can provide satisfactory results in treating heel pain.
  • Custom made foot orthotics – Used in conjunction with appropriate footwear, foot orthotics are effective in helping treat plantar fasciitis and in preventing recurrence.

Whatever treatment you seek for plantar fasciitis, remember that healing may not occur quickly. Treatment is usually most effective when help is sought as soon as possible. Unfortunately many people let plantar fasciitis progress for a long time before seeking help. In these cases it can take several weeks or months until the plantar fascia is completely healed. As with any pain, you should first consult your physician to determine its cause. Your doctor may refer you to a Canadian Certified Pedorthist. Pedorthists are one of the few healthcare professionals trained in the assessment of lower limb anatomy and biomechanics. With specialized training in the design, manufacture, fit and modification of foot orthotics and footwear. Pedorthists help to alleviate pain, abnormalities and debilitating conditions of the lower limbs and feet that if left untreated could result in limited mobility.

*Source: Pedorthic Association of Canada, Plantar Fasciitis brochure, 2009


Click on the link below to download our stretching recommendations for Plantar Fasciitis